The United States and Turkey were unable to make any headway in their dispute over the role of Kurdish forces in the fight against “Islamic State” (IS) on Thursday during Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s first visit to Ankara.
“Let me be frank: These are not easy decisions,” Tillerson said at a joint press conference with his Turkish counterpart, Mevlut Cavusoglu.
Tense relations between the two allies stem from a US decision to use Kurdish militias to help combat IS terrorists in Syria. Turkey considers the forces, known as the YPG, to be the armed wing of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, which is banned as a terrorist organization by Ankara. The Turkish government has long been engaged in conflict with Kurdish separatists.
Turkey has argued that the US ought to ally itself only with Turkish forces in Syria, but Washington has said the Kurds have proven themselves to be the most effective fighters against IS targets. The row has taken on added urgency in recent days as the US-led coalition prepares a new offensive to retake the city of Raqqa, the de facto IS “capital.”
The decision has “negatively affected the Turkish people’s sentiments towards the United States,” said Cavusoglu.
Tillerson said the pair had discussed “a number of options and alternatives” for cooperation, but could come to no agreement. He did, however, hail Turkey as a “key partner” in the coalition against the jihadis.
Assad’s future up to Syrian people
“I think the… longer-term status of President Assad will be decided by the Syrian people,” Tillerson told reporters. This was a turning point from the government of President Barack Obama, which regarded Assad’s removal as a key point of any future peace in Syria.
Washington’s envoy to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, reiterated this position on Thursday when she said that the government had to prioritize defeating IS over forcing Assad to step down. “Our priority is no longer to sit and focus on getting Assad out,” Haley said.
Before leaving Turkey, Tillerson also met with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan for over two hours as well as Prime Minister Binali Yildirim. The famously media-shy diplomat has not made any public comments on what he discussed with the two leaders.