The magazine, which has only been available in print for the last three months, previously featured an interview with the 19-year-old model in its April edition, but have now chosen her to grace the front page.
Aden also wears another item that is unusual to see on a Vogue model: braces.
She spoke about why the opportunity was so important to her in a video on her Instagram.
“Every little girl deserves to see a role model that’s dressed like her, resembles her, or even has the same characteristics as her,” she said.
“I think beauty is for everyone and I think everyone can look beautiful. You just have to be confident.”
That surreal & dreamlike feeling the moment you see yourself on the cover of @VogueArabia cannot be explained! I’m beyond appreciative for the opportunity to grace the June cover! #covergirl
She then went on to star in Kanye West’s Yeezy season 5 show less than four months later.
“When I’m walking the runway I want people to see that, yes, I’m wearing a hijab – but I’m also a million other things,” she said.
“I want us to get to a place where we just see women.”
The decision to put Aden on the cover has been met with a far more positive reception than the Arabian edition’s debut cover star Gigi Hadid, who is half-Palestinian, a move that was widely criticised for cultural appropriation.
One commentator wrote on Vogue Arabia’s Instagram page: “Middle Eastern influencers deserve at least some recognition. This would have been the perfect platform for them.”
Another wrote: “Couldn’t find a proud Arab for the cover?” While another Instagram user said: “[Gigi] only mentions her Arab side to escape the cultural appropriation or when it benefits her lol.”